In the current digital age, information and communication technology has long been integrated into various aspects of daily life, such as Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI), and 5th generation (5G) mobile networks and other technologies. While we enjoy the convenience of technology, there have also been various kinds of cyber security threats, such as Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) attacks, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, and Critical Infrastructure (CI) hacking, and so on. Undoubtedly, cyber security holds a significant impact on national security, public interest, national life, or economic activities. It is indeed necessary to enhance the national security protection capacity and strengthen the security and resilience of basic communication networks.
Since there is a wide application of information and communication services; cyber security plays a key role in our national security and even the aspects of the social-economic application with technology innovation policies, to respond to international trends and emerging types of cyber security attacks and threats, we will continue to develop our cyber security protection capabilities and advantages on the existing basis and aspects of defense. Besides implementing the fifth phase of the National Cyber Security Program of Taiwan (2017-2020), to gradually enhance our cyber security protection capabilities, the National Information & Communication Security Taskforce (hereinafter referred to as the NICST) of Executive Yuan proposed the "National Cyber Security Program of Taiwan (2021-2024)" (hereinafter referred to as NCSP) as the reference guide for promoting our cyber security protection strategy and plan.